Pick the best soil. Flowers, like other plants, need good soil in order to grow healthy and strong. No matter where you plant flowers (in a pot or directly in the ground) - good soil is imperative. Avoid soils with a high content of clay, sand and hard rocks, make sure that there is a balanced level of hydrogen in it (about 7). Flowers need at least 15 centimeters of loose soil to start growing, so loosen the ground to the desired depth.
Check the pH level in the soil to see if you need to add anything. If your soil has a low pH (high acidity), below 6.5, add some sulfur there to neutralize it. High pH (high alkalinity) can be reduced by adding ground limestone. Both fertilizers can be found in gardening stores.
Add organic material to increase the amount of nutrients in the soil. Rotting leaves and plant material along with your soil will help plants grow faster and healthier. Add these substances to the soil for several weeks or months before planting so that the nutrients mix with the soil.
Add some fertilizer. For an additional nutrient increase, get some fertilizer from the gardening shop and add it to the soil. This can be done on the day of planting, which is much more profitable than waiting a few weeks for the organic material to decompose. Choose a landing site. Although flowers are fairly easy to grow, they cannot be grown anywhere. Places with an excess of sunlight or a lot of shade can make it difficult for some flowers to grow. Find a middle ground where during the day there will be enough sun and shade.
If you are going to grow a specific type of plant, then first find out its requirements for light conditions and choose a place accordingly. Most likely you will have to choose a place with more or less light than in the original idea.
If you are going to plant different types of flowers, then try to choose from those that meet the requirements for lighting conditions, then they can be planted in one place, as well as they will grow at about the same time. Choose flowers. Visit a special gardening shop to choose the right flowers for your garden. Growing from seeds, small plants, shoots or flowers requires about the same conditions, so stop your attention on flowers that you like and will be a great addition to your garden. Check the names before buying seeds or flowers to determine if the plant really suits you.
Pay attention to the size of an adult flower. Will it become huge and branchy or will it remain relatively small? Will it grow up and become tall or will it branch out?
Learn about the types of colors that are specific to your area. Such flowers will surely grow well in your soil, temperature and humidity.
Check whether the flower you are growing is an annual or perennial plant. Annuals bloom only once a year and need to be replanted annually, but they are known for their bright colors and beautiful flowers. Perennials grow annually, so do not require transplants, over time they grow even more.
Read the watering information on the label. Some need constant watering when others have to be watered only occasionally. If you choose different types of flowers, then try to take plants with approximately the same requirements for watering. Plant plants at the appropriate time. Even with unique soil, perfect location and healthy flowers, if you don’t plant them at the right time, the whole garden will be spoiled. Flowers feel bad in too hot or too cold climates, so try to plant them in spring. Although planting flowers in the spring may seem obvious, picking the right time is an art. Wait with a landing, at least a couple of weeks after the end of the frost, and also avoid landing when the temperature at night is too low.
Use the gardener's encyclopedia to find out what time is best for planting in your area. Due to the difference in weather of different territories, flowers can be planted at any time from February to July.
Better to be careful than sorry. Instead of risking to freeze the flowers, plant them a few weeks later (and not earlier). The flowering period will be shorter, but the likelihood that the flowers will die will be extremely small.
If you planted your flowers too soon, transplant them into containers and grow them indoors. Use a heat lamp and sufficient watering until you transplant them outside.
Water the flowers regularly. If you do not have frequent rains, then take time to water flowers. Use a few teaspoons of water to moisten the soil of the plant, but do not damage the flowers and leaves. You can also use sprays and auto irrigation to automate the irrigation system. Remove weeds. If you want flowers to be the main attraction of your garden, then do not let the weeds overshadow them! Pull up the weeds as soon as you notice them appearing next to the flowers. Not only do they not look their best, they also take away from the soil all the nutrients that are so necessary for the normal growth of flowers. Avoid dead flowers. As soon as the flowers on your plants die or become old and withered, cut them off. By cutting off the dead flowers, you give growth to new, more beautiful and younger ones, and just make the flowers more beautiful. Add support. If you have tall flowers, over time they may become too heavy to grow by themselves. Add bamboo sticks or twigs to the soil next to the flowers and secure to provide support. This is especially important for flowers that are wrapped around objects. Consider transplanting. Over time, the flowers can become quite large, and will require a transplant. Think about it and maybe transplant such flowers to another place, and plant new plants in the old place. This way your garden will grow big, healthy and beautiful!
Dig a hole. If you grow flowers from seeds, you will have to dig a hole about 5-7 cm deep and the same in width. A plant transplanted from a pot will require a hole the size of the root system. It is not necessary to block the access of oxygen with a dense layer of soil, so do not need to bury the plant deeply into the ground without the need. Remove your flowers. This step is mainly for potted plants that need to be transplanted. While the flower is still in the plastic pot, pour it well to wet the ground. Then, pull the flower out of the pot and shake the roots off the ground with your fingers. This will help the flowers to grow into the soil, and not into the old formed clump of earth. Feed the flowers. A small amount of fertilizer for flowers (similar to fertilizers) will help their growth. Add a couple of teaspoons to the bottom of the fossa and lightly apply it with your fingers. Plant your flowers. Place each flower in a separate hole prepared for it. Use your hands to fill the space around the roots with earth. Do not add too much land to the hole; flower stalks should not be in the ground.
During the planting of seedlings closely monitor the site of vaccination (this is part of the root, where shoots start to grow from). The inoculation should be under the surface of the soil for 3-5 cm. Thus, the rose will receive protection from the heat of the sun and the winter cold. And additional shoots will not develop from the vaccination - they inhibit the growth and development of the main ones.
If the soil settles, add soil mixture to prevent the formation of holes, otherwise the roots may begin to rot from excess moisture.
Landing methods. There are two known ways of planting roses, which are well proven:
◊ Dry method. This method is suitable for areas with high humidity. At the bottom of the prepared hole we make a small earthen roller - on it we will lay out the roots of the flower.
Plant a rose is better together. One holds a bush and gently places it in the hole. The second straightens the roots and gently falls asleep their soil mixture, compacting the plant with his hands.
Then the rose bush is poured abundantly with water (for each bush there are 10 l of water). After 2-3 days, the soil is loosened and spud up to a height of 10 cm (up to the level of shoots cuts).
If this is not done, the shoots of roses can dry out (especially in hot weather).
Loss of moisture often leads to the death of a rose. To avoid this, create an additional cover for your beauty in the form of mounds of wet moss or raw sawdust. If these mounds are too thick, slightly loosen them.
If your rose caught on - after 10-15 days the first young shoots will appear. As soon as you notice them, you can unleash the plant. This procedure is best done in cloudy times.
◊ Wet way. This planting of roses is best suited for regions where the arid climate. A bucket of water is poured into the prepared pit (dissolve a heteroauxin tablet in it, you can add a solution of Humate Sodium the color of strong tea).
One person can cope with such an operation. With one hand, lower the seedling directly into the water, with the other hand fill the pit with water-soil mixture.
A mixture of land and water perfectly fills the entire space between the roots without the formation of voids.
When planting, periodically shake the bush and thoroughly compact the ground. Watering is not needed.
If you sow the soil, the next day, raise the seedling a little, add earth and roll it 10-15 cm. After planting, pritenite a young rose for 10-12 days.
Chrysanthemums do not like the slightest shading and moisture retention, so the place for them should be sunny and at least a little sublime. This is a guarantee that the shoots will not stretch, change the time and duration of flowering. However, the root system of chrysanthemums is superficial, so the soil can not be overdried.
The ideal soil for them is loose, moisture-permeable, with the optimum amount of various nutrients. With dense and poor soil in the garden before planting the cuttings in the soil make a little peat, compost or rotted manure, but do not abuse them, otherwise the plants will be too tall to the detriment of flowering. Add a small amount of coarse sand to the soil as a drainage. A soil mixture is desirable neutral or slightly acid. An ideal day for planting is cloudy or rainy. In hot sunny weather, plant cuttings early in the morning or late in the evening when the sun is less active. 35-40 cm deep wells spill abundantly with water, put drainage, the earth mixed with biohumus in a ratio of 20: 1. Chrysanthemum set and covered with earth. The growth of the roots is parallel to the soil, so they are not too deep. For tall varieties need additional support.
Immediately after planting, the first pinching is carried out - the growing point is removed on the plant. 3 weeks after disembarking, the upper part of the shoot with 2-3 knots is broken out - the second nip. The first days after planting the seedlings artificially pritenite so that they do not suffer from bright sunlight. The best option is a non-woven material, but it is desirable that it does not come into contact with the leaves.
So, the place for planting lilies has been chosen, the soil has been prepared, now we need to decide how deep the lilies should be planted. Here it is necessary to take into account not only the variety of lilies, but also the size of the bulb, the ability of the plant to form stem roots. Basically, the bulbs are planted in the ground to a depth exceeding their diameter threefold. High-grade varieties with large flowering stems (Wilmot, Henry, Kinky) are planted deeper than indicated above, and even greater depth is needed for lilies with stem roots. Lily bulbs are planted with a rosette of ground leaves (terracotta, snow-white, Catsby) to a depth of two centimeters, with the expectation that the tops of the scales are located at the surface.
The depth of planting lilies also depends on the characteristics of the soil: it is better to plant onion in a sandy, light soil deeper than in heavy soil. In general, a deeper planting provides the bulbs with sufficient moisture in the summer, the optimum temperature in the winter, and protection from frost in the spring. On the long underground part, more bulbs and stem roots are formed.
The scheme of planting lilies is presented in three options:
single line ribbon with a distance of 5-15 cm between lily bulbs in a row and 50 cm between the lines;
two-line ribbon (for medium-sized lilies) with a distance between bulbs 15-25 cm, 25 between the lines, and between the tapes kept 70 cm;
three-line ribbon (for undersized lilies) with a distance between bulbs 10-15 cm, keeping between ribbons and lines as much as when two-line planting.
We will tell in brief about how to plant lilies correctly. First of all, dig a small hole with a scoop according to the chosen scheme to the desired depth. Prepare protective pads in each pit of a mixture of washed river sand with ash. Plant the bulbs on the sand cushions, gently straightening their roots and pressing the bulbs into the sand a little. From above, fill the hole with soil, pour and grind with peat. On this landing lilies finished.